Roscoe Filburn, New Deal Farmer
In a landmark decision styled Wickard v. Filburn, 317 U.S. 111 (1942), the Supreme Court rejected Mr. Filburn's challenge and upheld the Agricultural Adjustment Act. Wheat grown on the Filburn farm, though consumed on the premises and never shipped out of state, sufficiently affected the national economy to permit federal regulation of Mr. Filburn's crop and that of millions of other similarly situated farmers. For detailed analysis of the Filburn decision and its contemporary significance, see Jim Chen, Filburn's Legacy, 52 Emory L.J. 1719 (2003), and Jim Chen, The Story of Wickard v. Filburn: Agriculture, Aggregation, and Commerce, in Constitutional Law Stories (Michael C. Dorf ed., 2d ed., Foundation Press, forthcoming 2009).
The Filburn farm today is, practically speaking, the site of the Salem Mall near Dayton, Ohio.